The annual gardening calendar is a handy summary of gardening reminders for a full 12 months. Click on the month you are interested in, or browse at your leisure.
- Feed fuchsias fortnightly with half-strength Thrive All Purpose Liquid Plant Food or Aquasol
- Take cuttings of daphne and other shrubs like buxus and grevilleas. They’ll grow surprisingly easily from 10cm long pieces. Dip into Yates Plant Cutting Powder or Clonex put into pots of Yates Seed Raising Mix.
- Spray apples, pears and hawthorns with Yates Success Ultra to control pear and cherry slug. If you don’t want to spray, dust with flour or wood ash, or remove by hand.
- Pick strawberries regularly and make sure the plants are watered well during dry periods. Feed with Thrive Strawberry & Berry Liquid Plant Food to encourage more berries to form.
- Prune roses now and fertilise with Yates Thrive Roses & Flower Liquid Plant Food or Dynamic Lifter PLUS Flower Food for a wonderful autumn rose display (in 6-8 weeks time). As new growth develops, protect it with Yates Rose Shield.
- Spray Yates Waterwise Drought Shield over tender plants to protect them from sunburn and heat waves.
- Harvest beans and other summer vegies regularly so they’ll produce more crops.
- Gather lawn clippings – they can be composted into wonderful plant food. Add some Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food to the heap to encourage microbial activity.
- Pinch out the growing tips of poinsettias. The plants will be bushier, which will mean more blooms in the coming winter.
- Cut back and feed annual flowers with Thrive Flower & Fruit or Yates Thrive Roses & Flower Liquid Plant Food. This will give them a new lease of life.
- Prune bougainvilleas and other climbers that are threatening to take over the whole garden. Feed with Dynamic Lifter PLUS Flower Food.
- Aerate lawns after heavy rains using a garden fork. If necessary, treat acidic soils with Yates Garden Lime.
- Buy and pot up a perfumed rose to make a long-lasting Valentine’s Day gift. Use a good quality potting mix such as Yates Premium Potting Mix
- Remove dead flowers from dahlias to keep them blooming. Use Yates Rose Shield Insect & Disease Spray to control powdery mildew fungus.
- Spray other plants like roses, begonias etc. for powdery mildew too. Control with Rose Shield.
- Buy new season’s bulbs, but don’t put them in the ground until it’s cooler. Prepare soil with well-aged organic matter and some Dynamic Lifter pellets.
- Put cold climate bulbs into the fridge eg: tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocus. Chill them for at least six weeks.
- Water deeply during dry periods. Deep watering trains roots to grow down, making plants less vulnerable to heat and drought. Use Yates Waterwise soil wetters to encourage moisture to penetrate into the soil.
- Re-pot cyclamens into fresh potting mix. Feed with a soluble fertiliser like Thrive Flower & Fruit.
- Plant pots of freesias and jonquils. They’re some of the best bulbs for warmer areas. Fill pots with Yates Premium Potting Mix.
- Feed citrus with Thrive Citrus Liquid Plant Food every two weeks Food and top up mulch over root systems, keeping clear of trunk. Control citrus leaf miner by regularly spraying with PestOil. Treat collar rot with Yates Anti Rot.
- Control caterpillars by spraying Natures Way Caterpillar Killer Dipel, a natural bio-insecticide that is non-toxic to humans, or Yates Success ULTRA.
- Plant perennials such as alpine phlox, campanulas, bergenias and hostas.
- Harvest pumpkins and leave them in an open sunny position to dry before storing.
- Prepare bulb beds by digging in old compost and some organic based fertiliser such as Dynamic Lifter PLUS Flower Food.
- Sow or plant some English spinach. It’s really at its best in a cold climate or growing through the cooler months.
- Prune hedge plants such as buxus, coast rosemary (westringia), photinia and murrayas.
- Thicken up tired lawns with Yates Lawnsmart All Season Lawn Seed or another fast-germinating grass blend.
- Sow sweet peas like the Yates variety Sweet Pea Pink Diana next to a sunny fence on St Patrick’s Day (17 March).
- Stop weeds from seeding by pulling them out, smothering them with mulch or spraying with Zero Weedkiller Ready to Use or by applying it with the Yates Zero Weeding Brush.
- Take leaf cuttings of african violets and begonias. Pot into Yates Seed Raising Mix.
- Plant torenias, coleus, iresine or crotons under trees in warm climates.
- Spray lawn grubs, like army worm, which can eat entire lawns at this time of year with Yates Baythroid which will control these pests and others that eat roots.
- Make new sowings of beans, cucumbers and tomatoes in tropical areas now that summer rains are over.
- Prune peaches, apples and other deciduous summer fruit trees after harvest.
- Prune and tidy daylilies, easter daisies, lavender, phlox and other perennials that have finished flowering.
- Take pre-chilled bulbs out of fridge eg. daffodil, tulip and hyacinth and plant into pots or garden beds.
- Plant the rest of your spring-flowering bulbs.
- Sow Yates Flanders Poppies to commemorate Anzac Day.
- Select and plant trees for autumn colour while you can see them at their best.
- Feed established shrubs and trees with Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food.
- Mix some compost or old manure into the soil to get it ready for new roses. If soil is acidic, mix in some Yates Garden Lime.
- Feed lawns with a good quality lawn food such as Dynamic Lifter Organic Lawn Food. Water well to carry the fertiliser down to the roots.
- Plant trees and shrubs – April is one of the best months.
- Bulbs that have the best chance of success in warm climates are freesias, jonquils, ixias and babianas.
- For your geraniums, cut back any leaves that are affected with rust or powdery mildew and treat with Yates Rose Shield Insect & Disease Spray.
- Where soils are heavy, treat with Yates Liquid Lime & Dolomite. Mixing in some organic matter will also help.
- A pot filled with garden goodies makes a great Mother’s Day gift. Start with a Yates Tuscan Pot and fill it with your favourite Yates products.
- Give deciduous fruit trees a clean-up spray with Yates Lime Sulphur after their leaves fall.
- In cool climates move cold-sensitive container plants into a more sheltered position. Spray with Yates Droughtshield to protect them from frost.
- Collect fallen autumn leaves. They’re ideal for composting.
- A cyclamen in full flower will brighten up a cool, well-lit indoor spot.
- This is the last-chance month for planting spring bulbs.
- Purchase new season’s roses early from shops for the best selection. Prepare soil with Yates Garden Lime, Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food and in clay soils, Yates Gypsum Clay-Breaker.
- Transplant runners (sideways-growing pieces with some roots) from couch, kikuyu or Durban grass lawns to fill bare patches.
- Plant citrus in all but frosty areas. The leaves of the unusual kaffir lime add a special flavour to Asian dishes.
- Protect emerging orchid flower spikes with a sprinkling of Blitzem or Baysol snail pellets.
- Plant sweet peas in warm climates, as there’s still plenty of time.
- Plant new roses. A thick layer of straw around the base will protect the young stems in cold areas.
- Prune hydrangeas and take cuttings to grow new plants. Only cut back those stems that flowered last season.
- Feed winter vegetables with Thrive Vegie & Herb Liquid Plant Food or Aquasol to keep them growing well.
- Before the sun hits their leaves in the morning, spray water generously over frost-sensitive plants,this may help prevent frost burn.
- Plant asparagus, bulb-forming shallots and rhubarb crowns.
- Plant lilium bulbs, with their exotic flowers and gorgeous perfume they’re worth a place in any garden.
- Reduce watering of indoor plants in winter. Most come from warm climates, so adjust water to room temperature before you begin.
- Crabapples and crepe myrtles are both attractive deciduous trees for the smaller garden. They can be planted this month.
- Get rid of lawn weeds with a selective weed killer or Yates Weed’n’Feed. Check the label carefully to make sure these products can be applied to your lawn. Choose Yates Buffalo Pro Weed n Feed for Buffalo Lawns.
- Split up established daylilies and spread to other parts of the garden.
- Plant hippeastrum bulbs with the top of the bulb protruding from the soil.
- Prune sasanqua camellias after flowering has finished.
- Plant or transplant deciduous trees now while they’re at their most dormant.
- Plant peony roses in cool-climate areas where they grow most happily.
- Spray Yates White Oil to control sap-sucking pests such as aphids, woolly aphids and scale.
- Plant new raspberries in a sunny spot where the prickly canes won’t catch passers-by and feed with Yates Thrive Strawberry & Berry Liquid Plant Food.
- Prune roses (although wait until later in cold climates). Use sharp secateurs and a good quality saw. Spray bush and soil with Yates Lime Sulfur immediately after pruning.
- Check roses for suckers coming from below the ground. With a sharp tug, remove these as cleanly as possible.
- Control bindii in winter lawns by getting rid of it now with Yates Bindii & Clover Weed Concentrate or suffer from their barbed seeds later in the season.
- Check plantings of spring annuals and replace any casualties. Buy advanced seedlings for the quickest results.
- Feed citrus towards the end of the month with Dynamic Lister PLUS Fruit Food or with Yates Thrive Citris Liquid Plant Food. In the subtropics fertilise mangoes by putting some Dynamic Lifter PLUS Fruit Food into a series of holes poked into the soil beneath the outer foliage.
- Tidy dead flowering stems from cymbidium orchids and feed plants with Dynamic Lifter Organice Plant Food.
- Control snails and slugs which are encouraged by moist weather by sprinkling Blitzem pellets among clumps of foliage.
- Cut or pluck dead flowers from bulbs, but allow their leaves to die down naturally. Feed every week with Yates Thrive All Purpose Liquid Plant Food until leaves yellow.
- Plan and prepare a new vegie bed.
- Transplant deciduous trees and shrubs while they’re still dormant.
- Finish pruning repeat-flowering roses. After pruning, give roses a clean-up spray with Yates Lime Sulfur.
- Spray weedy lawns with Yates Weed’n’Feed.
- Sow tomatoes indoors, ready to plant out once the soil is warmer.
- New season’s dahlia tubers can go into well-prepared, sunny garden beds.
- Feed camellias with Dynamic Lifter PLUS Flower Food after they finish blooming. Any trimming should be done at this time.
- Repot indoor and outdoor container plants into Yates Premium potting mix.
- Prune hibiscus, abutilons (Chinese lantern), acalyphas and poinsettias.
- Feed everything in the garden, Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food is ideal, and top up layers of organic mulch.
- Pinch back geranium and fuchsia tips to encourage bushy growth.
- Feed azaleas as they finish blooming with Dynamic Lifter PLUS Flower Food.
- Water Indoor plants which need more regular watering as the weather gets warmer. When watering, check for mealy bug. Treat infestations with Nature’s Way Citrus & Ornamental Spray.
- Give Dad a great plant for Father’s Day.
- Continue watering bulbs that have finished flowering with Thrive Easy Pods All Purpose Soluble Fertiliser until leaves die down completely.
- Sow seed or transplant runners into bare patches in lawns. Topdress to fill hollows.
- Visit open gardens in your area to be inspired and gather ideas.
- Plant some natives to bring birds into the garden.
- Prune spring-flowering shrubs as soon as their flowering’s finished.
- In warm areas plant crotons, caladiums and coleus to brighten shady parts of the garden.
- Feed all established fruit trees with Dynamic Lifter PLUS Fruit Food.
- Separate young bromeliad suckers from the mother plant when they’re about one-third mature size.
- Use a garden fork to aerate the lawn (pushing and pulling the fork in and out of the soil) then follow up by feeding with a good quality lawn fertiliser like Yates Lawn Master Slow Release Lawn Food.
- October’s a wonderful month for planting. Shrubs that go in now will make maximum growth over the next few months.
- Fertilise potted plants with Yates Activote Pots & Planters. Repot if the roots are crowded.
- Continue spraying Yates Success Ultra every one to two weeks to protect apples and pears from codling moth. Place a band of corrugated cardboard around the trunk to trap wandering caterpillars.
- Prune frost-damaged parts of plants now that frosts have finished for the year.
- Divide and repot congested clumps of cymbidium orchids.
- Feed lawns with an organic-based lawn food like Dynamic Lifter Concentrated Lawn Food.
- Prune tired old citrus trees, renewing mulch and feeding with Dynamic Lifter PLUS Fruit Food. Remember, though, if cut back severely, the plant may not fruit again for a couple of seasons.
- Sow all the summer vegies such as beans, sweet corn, tomatoes and cucurbits (zucchinis, melons etc.) as soon as the soil is warm enough.
- Plant mandevilla, allamanda and bougainvillea. Climbing plants are most at home in warmer climates.
- Plant basil which grows well with tomato plants. It repels pests and promotes healthy growth.
- Water hydrangeas with Yates Easy Pods All Purpose Soluble Fertiliser to encourage larger blooms. Apply Yates Hydrangea Blueing Liquid Aluminium Sulfate to hydrangeas to produce and deepen blue coloured flowers or apply Yates Hydrangea Pinking Liquid Lime & Dolomite to change flowers to a pink colour.
- Prune spring-flowering and heritage roses after flowering. Applying Nature’s Way Citrus & Ornamental Spray will protect their new growth.
- Sow or plant tropical fruits such as lychees, mangos and custard apples.
- Replace tired spring annuals with some bright summer colour.
- Fertilise roses with a good quality rose food (e.g. Thrive Roses & Flower Liquid Plant Food or Dynamic Lifter PLUS Flower Food).
- Control pear and cherry slugs with Yates Success Ultra, or dust with wood ash or lime.
- Sow or plant more tomatoes, zucchinis, eggplant and sweet corn.
- Pot up containers with colourful annuals for decorating summer entertaining areas.
- Lift bulbs after leaves have died down, dry and store for next year.
- Spray azaleas with Yates Baythroid to protect from Azalea Lace Bug.
- Feed bananas and paw paws every six weeks with Thrive Citrus Liquid Plant Food.
- Take cuttings of favourite bougainvilleas.
- If desired, hand prune side shoots from tomatoes. .
- A fruit fly program using Yates Natures Way Fruit Fly Control is essential for good tomato crops. Infested fruit should be sealed in a plastic bag and left to ‘cook’ in the sun.
- Plant day lilies for their tough constitutions and generous blooming – they’ll open a new flower every day.
- Watering in the morning will reduce risk of fungal disease. Yates Rose Shield Insect & Disease Spray controls disease in roses and other ornamentals.
- Mulch tomatoes with old compost or manure. Remove bottom leaves to reduce disease problems. Use Yates Tomato & Vegetable Dust regularly.
- Train plants in good water habits by watering deeply and infrequently.
- Harvest strawberries regularly and make sure they’re protected from snails and slugs with Blitzem of Baysol pellets.
- Clear away garden rubbish and clean out gutters to reduce fire risk.
- Install a garden pond or fountain because water has a cooling effect in the garden.
- Raise the mower height during warm weather – longer grass means cooler soil at root level.
- Control white fly which is a nuisance on tomato plants, spray with Natures Way Insect & Mite Killer Natrasoap or create sticky yellow traps made from yellow plastic smeared with petroleum jelly which will catch many white fly’s.
- Cut back and fertilise fuchsias with Thrive Easy Pods All Purpose Soluble Fertiliser.
- Feed mangoes with Dynamic Lifter PLUS Fruit Food to encourage production of healthy fruit and spray with Yates Leaf Greener Copper Chelate to protect from fungal diseases.
- Check drainage. In heavy soils use a liquid claybreaker.